Execute PHP from Sox

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Execute PHP from Sox

Martin Kucej
Hi:

I have tried to execute Sox from PHP with exec and such. On Windows XP,
everything seems to work. On Ubuntu 10.04 converting works, however, playing and
recording does not work, because the default ALSA device throws errors. The same
command (sox song.ogg -d) works fine in the console. One obvious difference is
that PHP runs as a different user "www-data" and I have read somewhere that ALSA
has problems with this. The error message is below. Do you think this can be
made to work somehow, or I just need to forget it?

Home directory /var/www not ours.
ALSA lib confmisc.c:768:(parse_card) cannot find card '0'
ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_card_driver
returned error: No such file or directory
ALSA lib confmisc.c:392:(snd_func_concat) error evaluating strings
ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_concat returned
error: No such file or directory
ALSA lib confmisc.c:1251:(snd_func_refer) error evaluating name
ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_refer returned
error: No such file or directory
ALSA lib conf.c:4633:(snd_config_expand) Evaluate error: No such file or
directory
ALSA lib pcm.c:2211:(snd_pcm_open_noupdate) Unknown PCM default
sox FAIL formats: can't open output file `default': snd_pcm_open error: No such
file or directory

Thanks,
Martin



     

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Pascal Giard
On Tue, Aug 17, 2010 at 1:20 AM, Martin Kucej <[hidden email]> wrote:

> Hi:
>
> I have tried to execute Sox from PHP with exec and such. On Windows XP,
> everything seems to work. On Ubuntu 10.04 converting works, however, playing and
> recording does not work, because the default ALSA device throws errors. The same
> command (sox song.ogg -d) works fine in the console. One obvious difference is
> that PHP runs as a different user "www-data" and I have read somewhere that ALSA
> has problems with this. The error message is below. Do you think this can be
> made to work somehow, or I just need to forget it?
>
> Home directory /var/www not ours.
> ALSA lib confmisc.c:768:(parse_card) cannot find card '0'
> ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_card_driver
> returned error: No such file or directory
> ALSA lib confmisc.c:392:(snd_func_concat) error evaluating strings
> ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_concat returned
> error: No such file or directory
> ALSA lib confmisc.c:1251:(snd_func_refer) error evaluating name
> ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_refer returned
> error: No such file or directory
> ALSA lib conf.c:4633:(snd_config_expand) Evaluate error: No such file or
> directory
> ALSA lib pcm.c:2211:(snd_pcm_open_noupdate) Unknown PCM default
> sox FAIL formats: can't open output file `default': snd_pcm_open error: No such
> file or directory
>
> Thanks,
> Martin

Hi Martin,
 first thing that comes to mind, what if you add www-data to the audio group?

-Pascal
--
Homepage (http://organact.mine.nu)
Debian GNU/Linux (http://www.debian.org)
COMunité/LACIME: École de technologie supérieure (http://www.comunite.ca)

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Chris Bagwell
In reply to this post by Martin Kucej




On Aug 17, 2010, at 12:20 AM, Martin Kucej <[hidden email]> wrote:

> Hi:
>
> I have tried to execute Sox from PHP with exec and such. On Windows XP,
> everything seems to work. On Ubuntu 10.04 converting works, however, playing and
> recording does not work, because the default ALSA device throws errors. The same
> command (sox song.ogg -d) works fine in the console. One obvious difference is
> that PHP runs as a different user "www-data" and I have read somewhere that ALSA
> has problems with this. The error message is below. Do you think this can be
> made to work somehow, or I just need to forget it?
>
> Home directory /var/www not ours.
> ALSA lib confmisc.c:768:(parse_card) cannot find card '0'
> ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_card_driver
> returned error: No such file or directory
> ALSA lib confmisc.c:392:(snd_func_concat) error evaluating strings
> ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_concat returned
> error: No such file or directory
> ALSA lib confmisc.c:1251:(snd_func_refer) error evaluating name
> ALSA lib conf.c:4154:(_snd_config_evaluate) function snd_func_refer returned
> error: No such file or directory
> ALSA lib conf.c:4633:(snd_config_expand) Evaluate error: No such file or
> directory
> ALSA lib pcm.c:2211:(snd_pcm_open_noupdate) Unknown PCM default
> sox FAIL formats: can't open output file `default': snd_pcm_open error: No such
> file or directory
>
>

If you can find the full Alsa name then you can try "sox file -t alsa hw:0" or whatever in place of hw:0. Offhand, I don't know how to find the full device name.



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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Fmiser
> Chris Bagwell wrote:

> If you can find the full Alsa name then you can try "sox file
> -t alsa hw:0" or whatever in place of hw:0. Offhand, I don't
> know how to find the full device name.

aplay -l

should list all the available devices.

--     Philip

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Martin Kucej
In reply to this post by Pascal Giard
> Hi Martin,

>  first thing that comes to mind, what if you add  www-data to the audio group?

Thanks for the idea, Pascal. It did not make any difference though.
Martin



     

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Martin Kucej
In reply to this post by Chris Bagwell
> If you can  find the full Alsa name then you can try "sox file -t alsa hw:0" or
>whatever
> in  place of hw:0. Offhand, I don't know how to find the full device name.


I have tried -t alsa hw:0,0 and it did not work either, although the error
message changed:

Home directory /var/www not ours.
ALSA lib pcm_hw.c:1401:(_snd_pcm_hw_open) Invalid value for card
sox FAIL formats: can't open output file `hw:0,0': snd_pcm_open error: No such
file or directory

Hmm. A pitty. I wanted to write a web-based voice recorder. I may still do it,
if this is going to work on Mac, let me try. Unfortunately, no cigar for Ubuntu.

Martin



     

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

pj-20
In reply to this post by Martin Kucej
> I have tried -t alsa hw:0,0 and it did not work either,
> although the error message changed:
>   Home directory /var/www not ours.
>   ALSA lib pcm_hw.c:1401:(_snd_pcm_hw_open) Invalid value for card

Maybe hw:0,0 _is_ an invalid value ?
For a start, surely that comma should be a full-stop ?
Maybe your command-line user has an environment-variable set ?
Input ports are shown by  arecord -l
Output ports are shown by  aplay -l
Also useful:
  ls -l /dev/snd/
  cat /proc/asound/devices
It's a regrettable feature of ALSA that the hw:x.x numbers
are needed by the user (eg for sox) but that they're not easy
to get a clear list of.

As your command-line user, we know that
  sox song.ogg -d
works fine in the console, so what about
  sox song.ogg -t alsa hw:0.0
?
Like Philip said,  aplay -l  should list the available devices.

Regards,  Peter Billam

http://www.pjb.com.au       [hidden email]      (03) 6278 9410
"Was der Meister nicht kann,   vermöcht es der Knabe, hätt er
 ihm immer gehorcht?"   Siegfried to Mime, from Act 1 Scene 2


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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Martin Kucej
Hi Peter:

Thanks for you suggestions. I should have written more. My card and device
numbers are 0 and 0 according to aplay -l.

These work in command line:
-t alsa hw:0
-t alsa hw:0,0

This does not work in command line:
-t alsa hw:0.0

None of them work when executed from PHP. It looks to me that ALSA only works
with the current session user.

Best regards,
Martin



> Maybe hw:0,0 _is_ an invalid value ?
> For a start, surely that  comma should be a full-stop ?
> Maybe your command-line user has an  environment-variable set ?
> Input ports are shown by  arecord  -l
> Output ports are shown by  aplay -l
> Also useful:
>   ls -l  /dev/snd/
>   cat /proc/asound/devices
> It's a regrettable feature of  ALSA that the hw:x.x numbers
> are needed by the user (eg for sox) but that  they're not easy
> to get a clear list of.
>
> As your command-line user, we  know that
>   sox song.ogg -d
> works fine in the console, so what  about
>   sox song.ogg -t alsa hw:0.0
> ?
> Like Philip said,   aplay -l  should list the available devices.
>
> Regards,  Peter  Billam



     

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Pascal Giard
In reply to this post by Martin Kucej
On Tue, Aug 17, 2010 at 10:22 PM, Martin Kucej <[hidden email]> wrote:
>> Hi Martin,
>
>>  first thing that comes to mind, what if you add  www-data to the audio group?
>
> Thanks for the idea, Pascal. It did not make any difference though.
> Martin

Hi Martin,
 i believe you simply forgot to restart your apache server after
adding www-data to the audio group.

I just installed apache2 and php5 to test it myself.
Out of the box, it did not work.

I added www-data to audio.
It did not work.

I restarted apache (/etc/init.d/apache2 restart).
It worked!

Here's my very simple sox.php script:
<?php
        echo "OMG SoX plays a song thru Apache/PHP!";
        passthru("/usr/bin/play /tmp/test.mp3");
?>

Cheers,

-Pascal
--
Homepage (http://organact.mine.nu)
Debian GNU/Linux (http://www.debian.org)
COMunité/LACIME: École de technologie supérieure (http://www.comunite.ca)

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Pascal Giard
On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 10:57 AM, Pascal Giard <[hidden email]> wrote:

> On Tue, Aug 17, 2010 at 10:22 PM, Martin Kucej <[hidden email]> wrote:
>>> Hi Martin,
>>
>>>  first thing that comes to mind, what if you add  www-data to the audio group?
>>
>> Thanks for the idea, Pascal. It did not make any difference though.
>> Martin
>
> Hi Martin,
>  i believe you simply forgot to restart your apache server after
> adding www-data to the audio group.
>
> I just installed apache2 and php5 to test it myself.
> Out of the box, it did not work.
>
> I added www-data to audio.
> It did not work.
>
> I restarted apache (/etc/init.d/apache2 restart).
> It worked!
>
> Here's my very simple sox.php script:
> <?php
>        echo "OMG SoX plays a song thru Apache/PHP!";
>        passthru("/usr/bin/play /tmp/test.mp3");
> ?>

On a sidenote, as i've used sox's default verbosity level and play
outputs on stderr, i get the info in /var/log/apache2/error.log.

Looks like this...
`tail -n 10 /var/log/apache2/error.log`
/tmp/test.mp3:

 File Size: 6.00M     Bit Rate: 199k
  Encoding: MPEG audio    Info: 2006
  Channels: 2 @ 16-bit   Track: 1/12
Samplerate: 44100Hz      Album: Parasited Evolution
Replaygain: off         Artist: Luen-Ta
  Duration: 00:04:00.90  Title: Undeads

In:100%  00:04:00.90 [00:00:00.00] Out:11.6M [      |      ]

All that to say that you may want to change the verbosity level to 1 or 2.

Cheers,

-Pascal
--
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Debian GNU/Linux (http://www.debian.org)
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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Chris Bagwell
On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 10:03 AM, Pascal Giard <[hidden email]> wrote:

> On a sidenote, as i've used sox's default verbosity level and play
> outputs on stderr, i get the info in /var/log/apache2/error.log.
>
> Looks like this...
> `tail -n 10 /var/log/apache2/error.log`
> /tmp/test.mp3:
>
>  File Size: 6.00M     Bit Rate: 199k
>  Encoding: MPEG audio    Info: 2006
>  Channels: 2 @ 16-bit   Track: 1/12
> Samplerate: 44100Hz      Album: Parasited Evolution
> Replaygain: off         Artist: Luen-Ta
>  Duration: 00:04:00.90  Title: Undeads
>
> In:100%  00:04:00.90 [00:00:00.00] Out:11.6M [      |      ]
>
> All that to say that you may want to change the verbosity level to 1 or 2.
>

The "-q" option will help here I think.

That brings up a good point though.  The progress is displayed when it
detects an audio device.

SoX sets an internal flag called stdin_is_a_tty that could be looked
at and disable progress by default like we are doing for interactive
support.  I kinda thought it was doing that at one point.

Chris

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Pascal Giard
On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 12:19 PM, Chris Bagwell <[hidden email]> wrote:

> On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 10:03 AM, Pascal Giard <[hidden email]> wrote:
>> On a sidenote, as i've used sox's default verbosity level and play
>> outputs on stderr, i get the info in /var/log/apache2/error.log.
>>
>> Looks like this...
>> `tail -n 10 /var/log/apache2/error.log`
>> /tmp/test.mp3:
>>
>>  File Size: 6.00M     Bit Rate: 199k
>>  Encoding: MPEG audio    Info: 2006
>>  Channels: 2 @ 16-bit   Track: 1/12
>> Samplerate: 44100Hz      Album: Parasited Evolution
>> Replaygain: off         Artist: Luen-Ta
>>  Duration: 00:04:00.90  Title: Undeads
>>
>> In:100%  00:04:00.90 [00:00:00.00] Out:11.6M [      |      ]
>>
>> All that to say that you may want to change the verbosity level to 1 or 2.
>>
>
> The "-q" option will help here I think.

Indeed, that's more appropriate as -V1 or -V2 won't make the progress
go away in this very example.

> That brings up a good point though.  The progress is displayed when it
> detects an audio device.
>
> SoX sets an internal flag called stdin_is_a_tty that could be looked
> at and disable progress by default like we are doing for interactive
> support.  I kinda thought it was doing that at one point.

I might just have hit an unexpected use case.
It'd be nice to use stdin_is_a_tty tho.

-Pascal
--
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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Martin Kucej
In reply to this post by Pascal Giard
> Hi Martin,

>  i  believe you simply forgot to restart your apache server after
> adding www-data  to the audio group.


Hi Pascal:

You are correct. Adding www-data to the audio group and restarting Apache is all
it takes for PHP to be able to execute Sox with access to ALSA. Great advice!
The functionality of this combo is limited to localhost, but it will enable me
to quickly build a simple web GUI for Sox and integrate it into my web-based
application. Thank you.

Best regards,
Martin



     

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Pascal Giard
On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 1:51 PM, Martin Kucej <[hidden email]> wrote:

>> Hi Martin,
>
>>  i  believe you simply forgot to restart your apache server after
>> adding www-data  to the audio group.
>
>
> Hi Pascal:
>
> You are correct. Adding www-data to the audio group and restarting Apache is all
> it takes for PHP to be able to execute Sox with access to ALSA. Great advice!
> The functionality of this combo is limited to localhost, but it will enable me
> to quickly build a simple web GUI for Sox and integrate it into my web-based
> application. Thank you.

Hi Martin,
 I'm happy I've helped you.
Now, you made me curious. What do you mean by "the functionality of
this combo is limited to localhost"?
Visiting the page from another host should also work. At least I don't
see why it wouldn't.

However, if you mean that it only plays/records on localhost, well for sure!
SoX is installed server-side. Thus, by definition it can only
record/play through the hardware available to the server.
(Ok, there may be some tricks you could use to broaden it's scope, but
not without pain (recording a streamed audio track from another server
comes to mind)).

In any case, if you want us to help you, it'd be nice to have an idea
of what you are trying to achieve.

Cheers!

-Pascal
--
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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Martin Kucej
> Now, you made me curious. What do you mean by "the functionality  of
> this combo is limited to localhost"?
> Visiting the page from another  host should also work. At least I don't
> see why it wouldn't.
> However,  if you mean that it only plays/records on localhost, well for sure!
> SoX is  installed server-side. Thus, by definition it can only
> record/play through  the hardware available to the server.
> (Ok, there may be some tricks you could  use to broaden it's scope, but
> not without pain (recording a streamed audio  track from another server
> comes to mind)).
>
> In any case, if you want us  to help you, it'd be nice to have an idea
> of what you are trying to  achieve.

Yes, I meant that it can only record audio from the hardware on the server and
not on a client. Therefore, enabling access remotely would not only be useless,
but possibly even criminal. :-) As for the client side recording, I am curious
what the new HTML5 device and media streaming functions will bring to the table.

I am not a programmer. I only do PHP web programming as a hobby. I wrote a PDF
manager for students and scientists. I built in a note taking functionality, and
then I realized that a lot of my colleagues, especially physicians, like to
dictate their notes to a recorder. When I found Sox, I realized I could
intergrate this directly into the PDF manager and create a voice recorder. I
think that would be a first. :-) So far it looks like it might work.

Martin



     

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Michael Chapman-4
In reply to this post by Martin Kucej
Never got into this in detail, but as no-one has offered a solution
....

If I SSH (remote login) to our 'sound machine' before anyone else
has used it; I can get it to play sound. But even after I have logged
out, anyone opening a GUI/Desktop gets no sound.

Vice-versa if someone has already opened a GUI/desktop
before I remote login.

Seems to be all something to do with ownership of sound devices
(which someone, earlier; did touch on).


BUT unless you want to do lots of tidying up afterwards
and/or reboot . . .
can you not do your exec command as the real user (a 'su' or
'sudo' command within the PHP) ... sorry I'm not a PHP user.

What you are trying sounds as if it might be simple with Perl ...

Just some experiences/thoughts

Michael





On Wednesday 18 August 2010 2:28 am, Martin Kucej wrote:

> > If you can  find the full Alsa name then you can try "sox file -t alsa
> > hw:0" or whatever
> > in  place of hw:0. Offhand, I don't know how to find the full device
> > name.
>
> I have tried -t alsa hw:0,0 and it did not work either, although the error
> message changed:
>
> Home directory /var/www not ours.
> ALSA lib pcm_hw.c:1401:(_snd_pcm_hw_open) Invalid value for card
> sox FAIL formats: can't open output file `hw:0,0': snd_pcm_open error: No
> such file or directory
>
> Hmm. A pitty. I wanted to write a web-based voice recorder. I may still do
> it, if this is going to work on Mac, let me try. Unfortunately, no cigar
> for Ubuntu.
>
> Martin
>
>
>
>
>
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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Pascal Giard
In reply to this post by Martin Kucej
On Wed, Aug 18, 2010 at 2:28 PM, Martin Kucej <[hidden email]> wrote:

>> Now, you made me curious. What do you mean by "the functionality  of
>> this combo is limited to localhost"?
>> Visiting the page from another  host should also work. At least I don't
>> see why it wouldn't.
>> However,  if you mean that it only plays/records on localhost, well for sure!
>> SoX is  installed server-side. Thus, by definition it can only
>> record/play through  the hardware available to the server.
>> (Ok, there may be some tricks you could  use to broaden it's scope, but
>> not without pain (recording a streamed audio  track from another server
>> comes to mind)).
>>
>> In any case, if you want us  to help you, it'd be nice to have an idea
>> of what you are trying to  achieve.
>
> Yes, I meant that it can only record audio from the hardware on the server and
> not on a client. Therefore, enabling access remotely would not only be useless,
> but possibly even criminal. :-) As for the client side recording, I am curious
> what the new HTML5 device and media streaming functions will bring to the table.

Unfortunately, It's been a looong time since I've made development for the web.
That being said, a quick search on google reveals that lots of
developers are looking for that functionality (client side audio
recording).

> I am not a programmer. I only do PHP web programming as a hobby. I wrote a PDF
> manager for students and scientists. I built in a note taking functionality, and
> then I realized that a lot of my colleagues, especially physicians, like to
> dictate their notes to a recorder. When I found Sox, I realized I could
> intergrate this directly into the PDF manager and create a voice recorder. I
> think that would be a first. :-) So far it looks like it might work.

Even if users are "forced" to have a webserver running on their
machine, that sounds like a very useful application.
I happen to be a research professional and a Ph.D. candidate, that's
something that could be useful.
Is your application free/libre? ;-)

-Pascal
--
Homepage (http://organact.mine.nu) <-- Currently down, just received
replacement OCZ PS
Debian GNU/Linux (http://www.debian.org)
COMunité/LACIME: École de technologie supérieure (http://www.comunite.ca)

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Martin Kucej
> Even if users are "forced" to have a webserver running on  their

> machine, that sounds like a very useful application.
> I happen to be  a research professional and a Ph.D. candidate, that's
> something that could be  useful.
> Is your application free/libre? ;-)

Actually, Apache and PHP take up negligible amount of resources (for small
amount of users). Also, if the access is restricted to localhost it is is safe.
The application is licensed under GPLv3:
http://www.bioinformatics.org/librarian
It is heavily skewed towards biomedicine though. Anyway, this conversation is
probably outside the scope of this list. I am happy to answer your further
questions privately.
Best regards,
Martin



     

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Fmiser
> Martin Kucej wrote:

> Anyway, this conversation is probably outside the scope of
> this list.

Well, it may be outside the literal scope - but I'm following along. :)

--     Philip

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Re: Execute PHP from Sox

Jan Stary
In reply to this post by Michael Chapman-4
On Aug 19 09:41:04, Michael Chapman wrote:
> Never got into this in detail, but as no-one has offered a solution
> ....
>
> If I SSH (remote login) to our 'sound machine' before anyone else
> has used it; I can get it to play sound. But even after I have logged
> out, anyone opening a GUI/Desktop gets no sound.
>
> Vice-versa if someone has already opened a GUI/desktop
> before I remote login.

Many "GUIs/desktops" (such as KDE and similar) have their own sound server,
which gets started when the first user launches up the GUI, but does not
exit when the user exits. These sound-server typically open the audio
device exclusively.

> Seems to be all something to do with ownership of sound devices
> (which someone, earlier; did touch on).
>
>
> BUT unless you want to do lots of tidying up afterwards
> and/or reboot . . .
> can you not do your exec command as the real user (a 'su' or
> 'sudo' command within the PHP) ... sorry I'm not a PHP user.
>
> What you are trying sounds as if it might be simple with Perl ...
>
> Just some experiences/thoughts
>
> Michael
>
>
>
>
>
> On Wednesday 18 August 2010 2:28 am, Martin Kucej wrote:
> > > If you can  find the full Alsa name then you can try "sox file -t alsa
> > > hw:0" or whatever
> > > in  place of hw:0. Offhand, I don't know how to find the full device
> > > name.
> >
> > I have tried -t alsa hw:0,0 and it did not work either, although the error
> > message changed:
> >
> > Home directory /var/www not ours.
> > ALSA lib pcm_hw.c:1401:(_snd_pcm_hw_open) Invalid value for card
> > sox FAIL formats: can't open output file `hw:0,0': snd_pcm_open error: No
> > such file or directory
> >
> > Hmm. A pitty. I wanted to write a web-based voice recorder. I may still do
> > it, if this is going to work on Mac, let me try. Unfortunately, no cigar
> > for Ubuntu.
> >
> > Martin
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >
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